Ancient and Classical years
SKIATHOS Ancient and Classical years . Halkida residents then inhabited the island and built the town on the south-east and on a hill for protection from raids. A wall of large marble untreated marble surrounded the town.
During the period of the Persian wards, Skiathos was one of the few towns that did not surrender. On the third expedition of the Persians in 480-478 B.C. the port of Skiathos was a base of 3 triremes belonging to the Greek fleet for the control of movements of the Persian fleet during its descent from the
Thermaikos gulf towards the Evripos narrows. Thus, the Greeks who were waiting for the Persians at Artemission were notified by the beacons (beacon towers) of the Skiathans. This information was definitive for the outcome of the sea battle of Artemission.
The Skiathans took part in and followed the Athenians during the 1st Athenian Alliance in 478/7 B.C., known as the Delian League. They achieve independence and a democratic government; they had a parliament, an ecclesia of Demos, and a renowned sovereign.
Upon the end of the Peloponnesian war and the defeat of the Athenians, the island is passed over to the domination of Sparta and the government becomes oligarchic. In 378/7 B.C. Athens forms the 2nd Athenian Alliance, a defensive alliance to fight off the offensive dispositions of the Spartans. Skiathos ranges itself with Athens and stays for 40 years. During these years the financial situation of the island improved greatly and in the middle of the 4th century B.C. it cut copper coins with the mintage of Hermes head on the one side and the kyrikeion with the word CKIATHI on the other.
In 338 B.C. and after the battle of Heronia and the victory of the Macedonians, Skiathos was dominated by them.